Handy things to know about tiles
Carlisle Homes chose Beaumonts to create this modern open plan kitchen featuring our Super White Polished 600x600 tile on the floor and Como Hex Rabbit Stone 295x345 mosaic splashback

All About Tiles

Handy Things To Know About Tiles

From tile shapes to finishes to wear ratings, there's a lot to know about tiles! Everything you need to know is here on this super handy page so you can choose your tiles with confidence. 

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Common Ceramic Tile Ratings Explained

Tiles are rated for slip, wear and variation. Discover what the ratings mean to help you select the right tile for your project. Getting technical, you could also read on for more information regarding building requirements for slip rating and information about fire rating of ceramic tiles, most of this is not usually needed for a home reno.

Click on any topic below and we’ll take you directly to our tips. Come back to this index at any time if you need more information.

RATING TYPE CLASSIFICATION
Wear ratings Class 0 to Class 5
Tile variation V0 to V4
Slip rating - pendulum P0 to P5
Slip rating - oil wet ramp R9 to R13
Slip rating - barefoot wet ramp A, B, C

 

Featured Tiles

 Wall Tile: Atmosphere Mint Gloss

Wear Ratings Explained by Kyal & Kara

You’ll hear about tiles having a wear rating which determines where the tile is best suited, for example, a tile with a wear rating of 0 can only be used on a wall and a tile with a wear rating of 5 can be used outside in heavy traffic and wear conditions. The surfaces of glazed and unglazed floor tiles can be subjected to surface abrasion caused by foot traffic. Wear ratings, therefore, help you determine what tiles are a good match with different levels of foot traffic.

It’s important to choose tiles that are suitable for the area you are tiling so take note of your tile's wear rating and if you're unsure, speak to your local team of experts at your Beaumonts store. With the most suitable tile for your circumstances, you can trust your tiles will perform brilliantly for years to come. 

Our Hot Tip: The area examples above are given as general indications only. All areas are different. For example, a Class 3 tile may perform well in a kitchen with no visible wear, while the same tile may show signs of scratching after some time in the laundry with a sandy, gravel path outside. It's always best to chat with our in-store experts to confirm which tile is best for your project.

Wear Ratings

The following class ratings have been developed to indicate the level of wear resistance and durability that you can expect from your chosen tiles and suggested applications.

Wear Class 0 While floor tiles can be used on the wall, wall tiles cannot be used on the floor. Tiles with a wear rating of 0 are not suitable for floors and are intended for wall use only.
Wear Class 1: Light Duty Speak to our professionals and they’ll help you select the right tile for your space.
Wear Class 2: Regular Duty Speak to our professionals and they’ll help you select the right tile for your space.
Wear Class 3: Medium Duty Speak to our professionals and they’ll help you select the right tile for your space.
Wear Class 4: Heavy Duty Speak to our professionals and they’ll help you select the right tile for your space.
Wear Class 5: Extra Heavy Duty Speak to our professionals and they’ll help you select the right tile for your space.

Tile Variation Explained by Kyal & Kara

Our Hot Tip: You should always check your tiles before installation, also checking they are from the same production batch and you love the variation that you see. 

Tile Variation

Kiln fired ceramic products have always had a degree of shade variation between tiles and different production batches due to the natural ingredients and small variations in firing temperatures, it’s this variation that makes tiles so unique and beautiful.  After firing, tiles are graded, separated and packed into like shades and given a batch number.  What this means is that if you need more tiles, you'll need to ask for tiles from the same batch number so you’ll know that they will look great together.

The ongoing development of digital glaze and ceramic printing has more recently enabled manufacturers to replicate variation between tiles to emulate; the many looks and faces of natural stone, the gorgeous natural variation in natural timber, antique brick looks, as well as replicating and celebrating all the different shades that are a feature of traditional, hand-made tiles. These stunning replications, in our world, is named ‘variation’.

The following ratings have been developed to help you understand the level of unique variation you can expect from your tiles. Any tile rated V2 or above will show distinguishable colour, shade, texture or pattern differences between tiles. The higher the number, the more variation between individual tiles, like you’d see in nature.

We always recommend you check the full variation of tiles, especially tiles rated V3 and V4 during your selection, and ensure you dry lay V3 and V4 tiles before installation to ensure you’re totally happy with the variation range. It’s amazing how different the first tile can look to say tile six of the same range!

Tile Variations

If you are looking for a tile to emulate the look of its natural material, or you love the look of varying tones and colours, you’re going to love a tile that is rated V4. Follow our handle table below to understand different variation ratings.

V0 - Very Uniform Appearance

The tiles are very uniform, solid in colour with no noticeable variation

V1 - Uniform Appearance Differences between the pieces from the same production run (batch) are minimal. The appearance is uniform when installed
V2 - Slight Variation Clearly distinguishable texture and/or pattern within similar colour tones
V3 - Moderate Variation While the colour tones/design present on a single piece of tile will be indicative of all tiles, the colour tones/design on each piece may vary significantly from tile to tile
V4 - Substantial Variation Random colour tones/design differences from tile to tile, so that some tiles may feature completely different colour tones/designs from those on other tiles. This variation creates an artful and unique installation

 

Featured Tiles

Bottom Wall Tile: Atmosphere Mint Gloss 

Top Wall Tile: Atmosphere White Gloss

Floor Tile: Promenado White Textured

 

Our Hot Tip: Everything you need to know about tiles is available in a handy download here.

The green wall tile shown here is our Atmosphere Mint Gloss 120x120 with a variation rating V3

Slip Ratings Explained by Kyal & Kara

As a flooring option, tiles have so many benefits for their toughness and smoothness, among other great health benefits, like being allergy-free. However, some tiles are smoother than others and may not be as suitable for wet areas where they may become slippery.

Our Hot Tip: Everything you need to know about tiles is available in a handy download here.

Tile Slip Ratings

Slip ratings have been developed, in accordance with Australian Standards, to help with the selection of tiles in circumstances where public safety is a priority. For residential buildings, the Australian Building Code and Australian Standards only mandate slip rated flooring for stair nosings, stair landings and ramps. 

Slip ratings have been designed to make it easy to decide whether a tile is suitable for different areas like bathrooms, kitchens, outdoors or around pools. Other factors will also play a part in your choice but are mainly for commercial use, but good to know, for example, pedestrian stride and pace, along with any contamination of the surface by water, oil or foreign substance which are common factors in falls. Cleaning is therefore an important part of maintaining an appropriate level of slip resistance. Choose an appropriate slip-resistant tile for your project, remembering that the higher the level of slip resistance, generally the more effort is required for cleaning. A glossy tile may be suitable for general pedestrian traffic walking at a slow or moderate pace, providing the surface is clean and dry. If the surface can become contaminated by water or other substance, it should be cleaned up immediately. If this happens regularly or if an area is subject to general pedestrian traffic walking more quickly, a higher slip resistant rated tile may be more suitable. 

The three common slip resistance tests quoted in Australia are; the Pendulum test, the Oil Wet Ramp test, and the Barefoot Wet Ramp test. The Pendulum Test is a reliable, all-purpose indicator while the two ramp tests are designed to assess tile performance in oily and wet surface conditions respectively. 

The featured floor tile is our Timeless Amani Grey 6mm with a variation rating V2 and a wear rating 3

Pendulum Test (P0 – P5)

Beaumonts quality assurance team is on the case, ensuring you always have the right tile for the right purpose.

The details below are a little technical but good to know.

The Pendulum Test measures the frictional resistance between a wet tile and a foot-shaped mass fitted with a rubber slider mounted on a pendulum arm, mimicking a standard shoe sole striking a wet tile. The higher the number, the lower the risk of slipping. A tile with a rating of P3 or below is generally considered suitable for indoor flooring while a P4 or P5 has a lower slip risk and can be used outside or around a pool.


Pendulum Classification

Skid Resistance Value [SRV]

Slip Risk
P0 Below 12 Very high
P1 12-24 Very high
P2  25-34 High
P3 35-44 Moderate
P4 45-54 Low
P5 Over 54 Very Low

 

Featured Tiles

Floor Tiles: Timeless Amani Grey 

 

Our Hot Tip: Everything you need to know about tiles is available in a handy download here.

Oil-Wet Ramp Test (R9 – R13)

No one wants to feel unsafe or slip on their tiles, so our experts do what we call an Oil-Wet Ramp test to confirm what areas your tiles are OK to be laid in.



Slip Resistance Value


Corrected Mean Acceptance Angle (Degrees)

Slip Risk
R9 6-10 Very high
R10 10-19 High
R11 19-27 Moderate
R12 27-35 Low
R13 Over 35 Very low

 

Featured Tiles

 Floor Tile: Basalt Blue Moon Swan

 

Our Hot Tip: Everything you need to know about tiles is available in a handy download here.

The Basalt Blue Moon Sawn 20mm 300x600 has an Oil Ramp Test Rating of 11 and doesn't it look great in this outdoor setting!

Barefoot Wet Ramp Test (A, B, C)

Before you tile your outside or pool area, to ensure there are no slips, here's another test we do.

The Barefoot Wet Ramp Test involves testers soaking their bare feet than walking on inclined tiles sprayed with water to determine the unsafe angle. This test is most relevant for tiles to be used around swimming pools, showers and change rooms.  So when you’re designing your outdoor or pool space, this one is important for you to check with our in-store consultants too.


Slip Resistance Value

Corrected mean Acceptance Angle (Degrees)

Slip Risk
A 12-18 High
B 18-24 Moderate
C Over 24 Very Low

 

Featured Tiles

Pool Tile: Niebla Mid Blue Mosaic 

 

Our Hot Tip: Everything you need to know about tiles is available in a handy download here.

Stair Nosings, Landings and Ramps

This one is mainly for bigger jobs such as residential buildings, it keeps everyone safe so we are all over it. 

The Australian Building Code and Australian Standards only mandate slip-rated flooring for stair nosings, stair landings and ramps. 

Here's a helpful guide:

Slip Resistance Classifications referenced by BCA, NCC and Australian Standards

Surface Conditions Dry Surface Dry Surface Wet Surface Wet Surface
  Wet Pendulum Test Oil-wet Ramp Test Wet Pendulum Test Oil-wet Ramp Test
Stair treads or stairway landing surface P3 R10 P4 R11
Nosings for stair treads and stairway landing edge strip P3   P4  
Ramps in buildings steeper than 1:20 but not steeper than 1:14 P3 R10 P4 R11
Ramps in buildings steeper than 1:14 and not steeper than 1:8 P4 R11 P5 R12

BCA: Building Code of Australia NCC: National Construction Code Australian Standards AS4586-2013; HB198:2014

 

BCA: Building Code of Australia NCC: National Construction Code Australian Standards AS4586-2013; HB198:2014

Featured Tiles

Floor Tile: Travertine Warm Ash Tumbled 

 

Our Hot Tip: Everything you need to know about tiles is available in a handy download here.

Sarah & George from The Block chose our Travertine Warm Ash Tumbled to create striking feature stairs with our great mate, Dave Franklin.